Since its creation in 1999, much of the BRT's work has focussed on preparing detailed recommendations for submission to the Government of Japan, the European Commission and the European Council. These recommendations are drafted by the BRT's various Working Parties for adoption at the next annual meeting.
The Recommendations are then submitted to the Leaders of the Government of Japan and of the EU Authorities, who respond a year later in the form of written Progress Reports:
Over the years, the number and remit of the Working Parties has changed. Currently there are 4 Working Parties - each one has two leaders - one from the EU-side of the BRT and one from the Japan-side of the BRT. The existence of the Working Parties is guaranteed by the BRT's Terms of Reference:
The current Working Party structure is as follows:
|Short name||Full name||Leader, EU-side||Leader, Japan-side|
|WP1||Trade Relations; Investment and Regulatory Cooperation; Financial Services, Accounting and Taxation||European Business Council (EBC) in Japan, supported by BUSINESSEUROPE||NISSAN MOTOR Co., Ltd., supported by GISPRI|
|WP2||Life Sciences & Biotechnology, Healthcare and Well-Being||Bayer Holding Ltd.||Chugai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.|
|WP3||Digital Innovation & Mobility||Fives Group||Fujitsu Limited|
|WP4||Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development||NEC Corporation|
Many recommendations are agreed by both sides of the BRT and submitted to both the Government of Japan and the EU Authorities, others may be proposed by just one side of the BRT and/or addressed to just one Authority.